Employment: the expert’s view on how new legislative changes will help reverse “brain drain” (Labitalia – Adnkronos Group – Andrea di Nino)

5 March 2024

Reverse brain drain: from 2024 the new “restricting” legislation on requirements, as explained to Adnkronos/Labitalia by Andrea Di Nino, employment consultant at HR Capital.

“Italian Legislative Decree no. 209/2023 made important changes to the regulations concerning the tax relief regime for “impatriated” workers as well as imposing restrictions on the operation of the regime. In particular, the new Decree’s provisions entirely replace the original regulations, introduced by Article 16, paragraph 1 of Italian Legislative Decree no. 147/2015”, he explains. The expert continues, “Among the various new provisions is that only 50% of income from employed and assimilated work and income from self-employment produced in Italy by workers who transfer their tax residence there contribute to total income, up to a maximum annual limit of EUR 600,000.
This tax relief may be applied for a maximum of five tax periods”.
Mr Di Nino further underlines that “Particular conditions have been introduced for the application of the favourable tax regime, namely that the tax payer must have had his/her tax residence abroad in the three tax periods preceding the transfer to Italy, he/she must undertake to maintain his/her tax residence in Italy for at least four tax periods following the transfer itself and to carry out his/her work activity mainly within Italy. A further important condition is that, in addition, the tax payer must meet the ‘high qualification or specialisation’ requirements, for which the law refers to Italian Legislative Decree no. 108/2012 and Italian Legislative Decree no. 206/2007”, he adds.

“The regime applies even if, following the transfer to Italy, the worker continues the employment relationship with the same foreign employer or within the same group of companies. In these circumstances, the minimum period of previous foreign tax residence is raised to six or seven tax periods”. “In detail, the minimum foreign tax residence must be: six tax periods, if the worker, before moving abroad, has not previously been employed in Italy for the same company or for a company belonging to the same group; seven tax periods, if the worker, before moving abroad, was employed in Italy for the same company or for a company belonging to the same group”, he concludes.

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